Oxford D. Phil. in Economics in 1988. Professor of Economics, University of Bologna, since 1992 and currently Director of MUEC (Master in the Economics of Cooperative Firms). Areas of research: Industrial Organization, Public Economics, Cooperative Firms. Publications in international journals including: Journal of Industrial Economics, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Journal of International Economics, Oxford Economic Papers, Journal of Comparative Economics, Annals of Public and Comparative Economics.